Several civil society organizations, including, farmer movements have been raising their voices against the mass land grabbing by government or private sectors, as it is going to be the biggest threat to the human civilization and the future generations. More than 500 organizations have submitted “Dakar Appeal Against Land Grabbing” through the World Social Forum in February 2011, in Dakar. It is fact that complicit governments and private investors around the world are engaging themselves in massive land grabs in order to earn benefits for private interests or the third country by threatening the right to food for the rural communities. The concerned people also condemn that these massive land grabbing also emergence the huge unemployment, along with the local identity crisis and less biodiversity.
Small and family farming represent most of the world’s farmers and they are responsible for securing the sovereignty of countries and food supply, as well as they conserve the environment and natural resources of food for future generations. Local farming, and other options come from the land provide the employment to the rural communities and ensure the territorial developments along with their cultures. So, any institution does not have the right to violate their rights of accessing natural resources by removing them from their native land. Massive land grabbing are also reducing the diversities in professions and thus people would lose their knowledge on agriculture along with their identities that would be another threat to a country to maintain financial balance. This is acceptably the cause why some ancient or agricultural rural communities are gone into the darkness of immense poverty.
The Dakar Forum also demanded to the governments and FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) to implement the commitments of securing the land rights of users. The non-governmental social organizations also requested CFS (Committee on World Food Security) to dismiss World Bank’s principles for RAI (Responsible Agricultural Investment) as, it was inadequate to meet the natural needs. The appeal was mainly based on the demand of restoring people’s right to land and maintain the agro-economy. By the pressure of this appeal CFS (Committee on World Food Security) have made some guidelines Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests. But it is unfortunate that some powerful governments are intentionally ignoring these guidelines with the help of IFI (International Financial Institutions). So, all the responsible people around the world should response to the Dakar Appeal for fighting against the fatal actions in order to save or secure our population, as well as the earth from facing the doomsday.
With the technical advancement and industrial revolution, the requisition of lands worldwide is increasing rapidly. But acquiring lands by sacrificing a large natural source of food is the biggest threat to the humanity. In order to produce profitable investment for other people many private sectors with the help of government or sometimes the government directly grabs thousand of hectares by kicking out the poor family and lowers the available land for farming. Sometimes many private sectors from developed countries influence the government of developing countries or under developed countries to acquire a large firming field. It has also been noticed that in many cases some industries in developing countries use government influence to grab vast acres for their favor. To help flourishing industries for supporting economy is great but any development at the cost of burdening natural sources of foods or less food supply would be indeed a great problem. Amazingly and unfortunately this threat is being taken place legally, all around the world, especially in Asia, Oceania, Latin America, Africa and Eastern Europe. Grabbing the agricultural land not only threatens the food sovereignty but also dismisses the existence of many primitive communities, as well as it also paralyses the biodiversity along with the environment.
The voices against the land grabbing by government are being raised by different organizations around the world. People have stretched their helping hand through these organizations to support the victimized people and communities. There are several international awareness programs being held to protest against land grabbing. In 2011 all the farmers’ organizations, religious organizations, non-governmental organizations along with other social organizations and unions gathered in Dakar in 2011 for the World Social Forum to raise their voice against this biggest threat. They appealed to the governments of all countries to consider small and family farming, as they represent the most of the farmers in the world. They have also shown the very factual reasons for considering them in order to prevent the upcoming biggest threat. According to them they serve and ensure the food security as well as sovereignty of countries. They also provide the rural source of income and balance the economic livings in rural places. Most importantly they maintain to protect the biodiversity along with the conservation of natural sources for the future generations. For the sake of saving future human civilization many organizations are appealing to various governments to withdraw the restrictions against accessing areas by local people for earning their livelihoods. This act of restrictions is also violating the human rights.
For the sake of future generations and for saving the earth from upcoming disasters all the people and organizations around the world should join hand to cease the activities of land grabbing.